About Vietnam

Short Information about Vietnam

Name: Socialist Republic of Vietnam /Cong Hoa Xa Hoi Chu Nghia Viet Nam
Climat: subtropical – tropical
Location: 8°34’N – 23°22’N
Size: 332.800 qkm
Capital (Inhabitants): Hanoi 6 Million
Population: 90 Million, Minority about 10 Million – 54 Ethnic groups (Hmong, Thai, Khmer, Chinamen)
Language: Vietnamese
Religion: Buddhists (about 20 Million), Catholic (about 6,2 Million), Protestants (about 1 Milli), many Syncretistic Religions
Nationalday: 02. September
Independence: 02. September 1945
Form of Goverment: One-party State

Geography and Climate

Vietnam is located on the eastern Indochina Peninsula, and consists mostly of highlands and forested.
Northern Vietnam consists of mountains and the Red River Delta. Phan Xi Păng, located in Lào Cai province, is the highest mountain in Vietnam, standing 3,143 m.
Southern Vietnam can be divided into lowlands at the coast and extensive forests.

The Red River Delta a triangular region covering 15,000 km2, is smaller but more developed and more populated than the Mekong River Delta.
The Mekong delta, covering about 40,000 km2, is a low-level plain no more than 3 meters above sea level.

Due to the differences in latitude and the variety in topographic, the Vietnamese climate varies from location to location. Dry season lasts from November to April and is for sure the best time to go on a motorbike tour in Vietnam. The summer season with the monsoon winds picking up considerable moisture. So far, the winter season in northern parts of the country is dry – anyway slight rain is possible. The average annual temperature is higher in the level-lands than in the mountain regions. The temperature in the South of Vietnam is higher than in the northern part of Vietnam.
Temperatures around Ho Chi Minh City: 21 – 28 °C
Temperatures in the mountains and in the North of Vietnam: 5 °C – 37 °C

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